金说英语之新概念第一册(21)

微博        2020-01-14   来源:qy雪路浪游

开口说英语,闭口是哑巴。

Lesson 21 Which book? 

Text 课文

Listen to the tape then answer this question. Which book does the man want?

听录音,然后回答问题。这位男士要哪本书? 

MAN:       Give me a book please, Jane.

WOMAN: Which book?

WOMAN: This one?

MAN:       No, not that one. The red one.

WOMAN: This one?

MAN:       Yes, please.

WOMAN: Here you are.

MAN:       Thank you.

New words 生词

give  [giv] v. 给

one  [wʌn] pron. 一个

which  [witʃ] 哪一个

Grammar focus 语法

1. Give me a book. Which book? This one? No, not that one. The red one. 请拿本书给我。哪一本?是这本吗?不,不是那本。是那本红皮的。

A. Give me a book请拿本书给我,本句中要注意give后跟了两个宾语(间接宾语和直接宾语),往往动作的直接受用物是直接宾语,而动作的间接接受人是间接宾语,所以这句话中的人me是间接宾语,而东西book是直接宾语,类似的结构还有:buy somebody something,pass somebody something等,如:

His father bought him a new coat.

Could you please pass me the hammer?

这样的句子也可以改写成含有介词的同义句,如:

His father bought a new coat for him.

Could you please pass the hammer to me?

B: Which book? 哪本书?特殊疑问词which表示一种限定的,特指的选择。如:Which does she want?She wants the green one. 当然,which后面也可以加一个名词,从而进行更具体的提问。如:Which color do you like? Which boy is smarter?

C. This one? 这个吗?这是个缩略问句,全句是Is this one the book you want? 这个是你想要的那本书吗?为了减少语言中不必要的重复,口语中常用缩略句。如:I like Lucy more than Lily. (I like lucy more than I like Lily.)

D. No, not that one. The red one. 这两句话中的one是替代用法,代替前面反复提到的人或物(这里one替代的是book),以避免同一个名词的反复使用。

2. This one? Yes, please. Here you are. Thank you. 是这本吗?是的,请给我。给你。谢谢。

Here you are. 不能翻译成,“你在这里”,它指的是给你。递给对方单数物体时,也可以说Here it is;递给对方复数物体时,可以说Here they are.